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Medical Physics Seminar – Monday, September 26, 2016

Collide and conquer: flow-induced margination and demargination phenomena in blood

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Michael D. Graham, PhD (guest of Dr. Alejandro Roldan-Alzate)
Vilas Distinguished Achievement Professor and Harvey D. Spangler Professor, Dept of Chemical and Biological Engineering, UW-Madison - USA

Blood is a suspension of objects of various shapes, sizes and mechanical properties, whose distribution during flow is important in many contexts. Red blood cells tend to migrate toward the center of a blood vessel, leaving a cell-free layer at the vessel wall, while white blood cells and platelets are preferentially found near the walls, a phenomenon called margination that is critical for the physiological responses of inflammation and hemostasis. Additionally, drug delivery particles in the bloodstream also undergo margination – the influence of these phenomena on the efficacy of such particles is unknown.
This talk describes efforts to gain a systematic understanding of flow-induced segregation phenomena in blood, using a combination of theory, direct simulations and experiments. Contrasts in size, deformability and shape can all lead to segregation. A mechanistically-based mathematical model based on pair collisions and wall-induced hydrodynamic migration can capture the key effects observed in direct simulations, including a “drainage transition” in which one component is completely depleted from the bulk of the flow. Experiments performed in the laboratory of Wilbur Lam indicate the physiological and clinical importance of these observations.

Location: 1345 HSLC (Health Sciences Learning Center), 750 Highland Ave., Madison, WI 53705 - USA

Time: 4:00pm-5:00pm

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