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Medical Physics Seminar – Monday, April 10, 2017

Monitoring Microwave Ablation for Liver Cancer Using Ultrasound Strain Imaging

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Wenjun Yang (student of Dr. Tomy Varghese)
Research Assistant, Dept of Medical Physics, UW-School of Medicine & Public Health, Madison, WI - USA

Microwave ablation is a minimally invasive percutaneous treatment method for liver cancer, with promising treatment outcome especially for early stages. However, the size of the ablated region is difficult to be monitored with the guidance imaging modality, ultrasound B mode imaging. We developed an ultrasound strain imaging technique, "electrode displacement elastography (EDE)" to analyze the Young's modulus of the local tissue, and to delineate the size of the ablation zone based on the stiffness contrast. Improved delineation ability was observed over 90% of patients involved in our study compared with ultrasound B mode imaging and another ultrasound elastography technology, "ARFI", which is widely implemented in commercial systems.

PET imaging of Alzheimer’s Disease in Down Syndrome

Patrick Leo (student of Dr. Brad Christian)
Research Assistant, Dept of Medical Physics, UW-School of Medicine & Public Health, Madison, WI - USA

PET is a versatile and powerful tool for functional neuroimaging that can provide quantitative information about target density. In the Down syndrome population, the genetic predisposition to early amyloid accumulation and the high incidence of Alzheimer’s disease provide strong support for a pathogenic role of amyloid. This talk will cover a multimodal approach to imaging the Alzheimer’s disease pathophysiological process in the at-risk Down syndrome population for which it is essential to track the natural disease progression of several biomarkers in a longitudinal study design. For atypical populations, special consideration must be placed on spatial normalization, tissue type segmentation, region of interest and threshold (between healthy and diseased) determination since existing methods rely on templates built from data collected in healthy controls.
Additionally, we have investigated PET radiotracers for biomarkers outside of the typical amyloid cascade hypothesis, but consistent with neurodegenerative disease. The applications of these radiotracers range from imaging neuroreceptor systems to neuroinflammation, and results will be presented for mouse, non-human primate, and human PET studies.

Location: 1325 HSLC (Health Sciences Learning Center), 750 Highland Ave., Madison, WI 53705

Time: 4:00pm-5:00pm

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