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Medical Physics Seminar – Monday, September 19, 2011

The optics of pathology: imaging and spectroscopic approaches toward detecting disease and tissue status

Steven L. Jacques, Ph.D., (guest of Dr. Michael Kissick)
Department of Dermatology and Biomedical Engineering, Oregon Health & Science University, Portland, Oregon, USA

Optical contrast in optical imaging can be based on a variety of mechanisms: absorption, fluorescence, Raman spectra, scattering properties, and mechanical movement. Blood offers a strong absorber for detection of pathology characterized by altered blood perfusion and/or oxygen utilization. Fluorescence and Raman spectra offer contrast on the basis of chemical composition. Staining, fluorescent tags, and fluorescent protein expression offer another approach toward using fluorescence to characterize cells/tissues. Motion can be a contrast mechanism, as in laser doppler detection of blood flow or interferometric imaging of vibration. My laboratory has concentrated on using scattering as a contrast agent. Scattering provides a label-free mechanism of contrast, and hence is especially attractive for clinical use. After introducing the various contrast mechanisms, the talk will discuss (1) a non-invasive confocal reflectance method for characterizing the nanoarchitecture of tissues, (2) a spectroscopic method of characterizing the size distribution of tissue nanoarchiteture, and (3) a noninvasive interferometric method for characterizing the structural status of the nucleus.

Location: 1335 (HSLC) Health Sciences Learning Center, 750 Highland Avenue, Madison, WI 53705

Time: 4:00pm-5:00pm

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