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Medical Physics Seminar – Monday, October 15, 2012

Functional Imaging in Congenital Heart Disease with 4D Phase Contrast MRI

Elizabeth Nett (student of Dr. Oliver Wieben)
Research Assistant, Department of Medical Physics, UW-School of Medicine & Public Health, Madison, WI - USA -

Volumetric, time-resolved, phase contrast MRI with three-directional velocity encoding (4D PC MRI) can provide both anatomical and hemodynamic information with high spatial resolution in clinically feasible scan times. This work focuses on the application of 4D PC MRI to congenital heart disease (CHD). Current data suggests an incidence of CHD, minor and major defects, of approximately nine defects per 1000 live births, of which about a quarter would be expected to require invasive treatment or result in death within the first year of life. Imaging modalities such as Doppler Ultrasound and CT have been used extensively in CHD patients. The use of MRI has been limited clinically because current protocols for CHD are lengthy and require the use of sedation or general anesthesia in younger or uncooperative patients. However, 4D PC MRI data can be used for comprehensive velocity and flow measurements, as well as the derivation of additional hemodynamic parameters such a trans-stenotic pressure gradients and wall shear stress. Therefore, 4D PC MRI could prove extremely useful for CHD diagnosis, surgery planning, and long-term monitoring. Our research focuses on improving the acquisition, reconstruction, and post-processing of 4D PC MRI for clinical use. We were able to extend the velocity range of a 4D PC MRI in order to optimize the acquisition for regions such as the thoracic vasculature with a wide range of flow velocities. We have also performed a feasibility study that demonstrates the utility of 4D PC MRI for quantifying vessel anatomy and 4D pressure gradients in both the aorta and pulmonary arteries.

Location: 1345 (HSLC) Health Sciences Learning Center, 750 Highland Avenue, Madison, WI 53705

Time: 4:00PM-5:00PM

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